What are Maltese Prone To?

What are Maltese prone to?

Maltese dogs are beloved for their unique characteristics and gentle temperament. However, like all dog breeds, they can have specific health issues and conditions that they are more prone to. Being aware of these common health problems in Maltese can help you better care for your furry companion and ensure their well-being. Some of the common health concerns in Maltese dogs include dental disease, infections, obesity, parasites, and certain genetic predispositions such as heart disease and liver problems. It is important to be proactive in understanding and addressing these health issues to provide the best care for your Maltese.

Key Takeaways:

  • Dental disease, infections, obesity, parasites, and genetic predispositions are common health issues in Maltese dogs.
  • Awareness of these health concerns is crucial for providing appropriate care.
  • Regular check-ups and proactive measures can help manage and prevent these health problems.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight, proper dental care, and regular grooming are essential for a Maltese’s well-being.
  • Early detection and intervention can improve the prognosis of genetic disorders.

Caring for Your Maltese

Proper care plays a crucial role in maintaining the health and well-being of your Maltese dog. To ensure they stay healthy and happy, it’s important to pay attention to their grooming, dental care, exercise needs, and nutrition.

Grooming your Maltese is essential for their overall hygiene. Regular brushing will prevent their beautiful coat from matting and tangling. Cleaning their eyes regularly will help prevent tear staining, which is common in this breed. Additionally, trimming the hair in their ears will promote good airflow and prevent wax build-up. Proper grooming not only keeps your Maltese looking their best but also prevents skin infections and other issues.

Dental care is a vital aspect of Maltese dog grooming. This breed is prone to dental disease, so regular brushing of their teeth is crucial. You can use specially designed dog toothpaste and a soft-bristle toothbrush to clean their teeth and maintain their oral health. Regular dental check-ups with your veterinarian will help identify any potential issues early and ensure your Maltese’s teeth and gums stay in good condition.

Exercise is essential for the physical and mental well-being of your Maltese. Daily walks and interactive play sessions will help burn off excess energy and keep them stimulated. This breed enjoys socializing and playing with their human companions, so these activities also strengthen the bond between you and your Maltese. Providing regular exercise will help prevent obesity and promote a healthy weight.

Proper nutrition is vital for the overall health of your Maltese. A balanced and nutritious diet tailored to their specific needs will ensure they receive the right nutrients for optimal health. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet plan for your Maltese, taking into consideration their age, activity level, and any specific dietary requirements they may have.

By following these essential care guidelines, you can provide the best possible care for your Maltese, ensuring their well-being and longevity.

Wellness Checks and Common Health Issues

Regular wellness checks with a veterinarian are crucial for monitoring the health of your Maltese. These check-ups are an opportunity for your vet to conduct a thorough physical examination, administer necessary vaccinations, and recommend specific health screenings based on the breed’s common health problems.

During a wellness check, your veterinarian will assess your Maltese dog’s overall condition, including their weight, body temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate. They will also examine their eyes, ears, mouth, and coat for any signs of abnormalities or health issues.

It is important to discuss your Maltese’s lifestyle, diet, and exercise routine with your veterinarian during these wellness checks. This information will help your vet provide tailored recommendations to optimize your dog’s health and well-being.

“Regular wellness checks allow veterinarians to detect and address any potential health problems in Maltese dogs before they become serious or difficult to manage.”

Some common health issues that Maltese dogs may encounter include:

  • Reverse sneezing: This is a common phenomenon where your Maltese may make a snorting sound and inhale forcefully through their nose. It is usually harmless and resolves on its own.
  • Collapsed trachea: This condition occurs when the windpipe collapses, leading to coughing, difficulty breathing, and exercise intolerance.
  • Heart murmurs: Maltese dogs may develop heart murmurs due to underlying heart valve abnormalities. Regular check-ups and appropriate diagnostic tests can help manage this condition.
  • Liver shunts: Some Maltese dogs may have congenital liver shunts, which can affect their liver function. Early detection through health screenings allows for timely intervention.
  • Inherited eye conditions: Maltese dogs are prone to certain inherited eye conditions, such as cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular eye examinations can aid in early detection and treatment.

By attending to regular wellness checks and staying vigilant about potential health issues, you can take proactive measures to ensure your Maltese’s well-being throughout their life.

Let’s continue to the next section to learn about daily health checklists and how to spot red flags that may indicate underlying health issues.

Daily Health Checklist and Red Flags

Keeping a daily health checklist is vital for any Maltese owner to closely monitor their dog’s well-being and promptly identify any signs of potential health issues. By incorporating a daily routine of health checks, you can ensure your Maltese stays in optimal health.

Here are some essential items to include in your Maltese health checklist:


Regularly measure your Maltese’s body temperature using a pet thermometer. The normal temperature for dogs ranges between 100.5°F to 102.5°F. Any significant deviation from this range should be reported to your veterinarian.

Nose and Eyes

Regularly examine your Maltese’s nose and eyes for any signs of redness, discharge, swelling, or excessive tearing. These can be indications of allergies, infections, or other underlying health issues.

Mammary Glands and Testicles

Gently check your female Maltese’s mammary glands for any lumps, swelling, or discharge, which may suggest a potential health concern. Similarly, perform regular examinations around the testicles of male Maltese to identify any abnormalities.

Breath and Body Odor

Monitor your Maltese’s breath and body odor. Offensive breath, excessive drooling, or foul-smelling coat can be red flags for dental or gastrointestinal problems.

Breathing Patterns

Observe your Maltese’s breathing patterns and be attentive to any abnormal respiratory sounds, rapid or labored breathing, coughing, or wheezing. These symptoms could be indicative of respiratory or cardiac issues.

If you notice any significant deviations from normal in any of these areas, it is crucial to consult your veterinarian for further evaluation and guidance. Early detection of potential health issues can prevent complications and ensure your Maltese receives proper care.


Taking proactive care of your Maltese dog’s health is crucial for ensuring their well-being and longevity. By being aware of the common health concerns in the Maltese breed, such as dental disease, genetic predispositions, and specific care needs, you can tailor your care routines to meet your pet’s unique requirements.

Regular wellness checks with a veterinarian, daily health monitoring, and proper grooming, exercise, and nutrition all contribute to maintaining a happy and healthy Maltese companion. It is important to schedule regular check-ups to monitor your dog’s overall health, receive recommended health screenings, and stay on top of vaccinations.

In addition, pay attention to daily health indicators, such as changes in temperature, nose and eye abnormalities, swelling in the mammary glands and testicles, and irregular breathing patterns. These red flags should be promptly reported to your veterinarian for further evaluation and treatment if needed.

By providing your Maltese dog with the care and attention they require, you can help them lead a long and fulfilling life. With proper care, your Maltese can thrive and be your loyal companion for years to come.

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