Understanding the Dachshund Dog Breed: A Comprehensive Guide

The Dachshund, affectionately known as the “wiener dog” due to its long body and short legs, is a breed that has captured the hearts of many. Originating from Germany, these dogs were bred for hunting, specifically to chase down badgers in burrows. This heritage contributes to their unique characteristics and behaviors. In this article, we will explore some of the most common questions about this distinct and charismatic breed.

Do Dachshunds Have a Good Sense of Smell?

Yes, Dachshunds have an excellent sense of smell. Originally bred to hunt, their keen noses are a significant part of their hunting legacy. This strong sense of smell can sometimes lead them to be easily distracted by scents during walks, and it’s not uncommon for a Dachshund to follow their nose, sometimes even to the point of ignoring commands.

Why Do Dachshunds Lick So Much?

Dachshunds often lick as a means of exploring their environment and as an expression of affection. Licking can also be a sign of underlying issues like anxiety, boredom, or health problems. If excessive licking is observed, it’s important to consult a veterinarian to rule out any medical concerns and to understand if this behavior is stemming from a psychological need.

Do Dachshunds Shed Very Much?

Dachshunds are moderate shedders. The amount they shed depends on their coat type – they can have smooth, wirehaired, or longhaired coats. Smooth-coated Dachshunds tend to shed more than their longhaired or wirehaired counterparts. Regular brushing can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.

Are Dachshunds Big Chewers?

Dachshunds do have a tendency to chew, especially when they are puppies. This behavior can be attributed to teething, boredom, or simply as a part of exploring their environment. Providing them with appropriate chew toys and engaging them in stimulating activities can help redirect this behavior positively.

Do Dachshunds Bark a Lot?

Dachshunds are known to be vocal dogs, and they do bark quite a bit. They use barking to alert their owners, express excitement, or sometimes out of anxiety. Proper training and socialization from a young age can help manage excessive barking. Understanding the reason behind their barking is crucial for effectively addressing this behavior.

What Are Common Health Concerns for Dachshunds?

Dachshunds, with their unique body shape, are prone to certain health issues, notably back problems like intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). This condition is due to their long spine and short rib cage. Obesity can exacerbate these issues, so maintaining a healthy weight is crucial. They may also face issues like dental problems, due to their small mouths, and eye conditions like progressive retinal atrophy. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle are key to mitigating these risks.

How Much Exercise Does a Dachshund Need?

Despite their small size, Dachshunds are energetic and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. A daily walk, coupled with playtime, is generally sufficient. However, it’s important to avoid activities that may strain their backs, like jumping or climbing stairs. Mental stimulation is also crucial for this intelligent breed; puzzle toys and scent games can keep their minds active.

Training and Socialization
How to Effectively Train a Dachshund?

Dachshunds are intelligent but can also be stubborn, making training a bit of a challenge. Consistency and positive reinforcement are key. They respond well to treats and praise, but it’s important to avoid harsh methods, as they can be sensitive. Early socialization and obedience training can help prevent behavioral issues and make them well-rounded pets.

Are Dachshunds Good with Children and Other Pets?

Dachshunds can be good with children and other pets if properly socialized from a young age. However, due to their small size and potential for back injuries, interactions with young children should be supervised. They can be possessive of their toys and food, so teaching children how to interact with them safely is important. With other pets, they generally do well, though their hunting instincts may kick in with smaller animals.

Dachshund’s Role in a Family
Do Dachshunds Make Good Family Pets?

Dachshunds can make excellent family pets for the right household. They are loyal, affectionate, and can be quite entertaining with their playful antics. However, potential owners should be aware of their specific needs, like back care, exercise requirements, and their sometimes stubborn nature. For families willing to invest the time in training and care, a Dachshund can be a wonderful addition.


The Dachshund is a breed full of personality and charm. Their strong sense of smell, tendency to lick and chew, and their vocal nature are all traits deeply rooted in their hunting heritage. While they do require specific care and training to manage some of these behaviors, Dachshunds make loving and lively companions. Their distinct appearance and spirited disposition continue to make them a beloved breed among dog enthusiasts around the world.